Turtle Island Native Network



Indian Residential School
SURVIVORS Society

(formerly the Provincial Residential School Project)

Click to Connect with the Indian Residential School SURVIVORS Society

B.C. Residential Schools

In 1863, St. Mary's Mission was the first residential school to open in B.C. It was also the last school to close in 1984. Between those dates, at least 14 other residential schools and 10 boarding schools opened. This meant that B.C. had more residential schools than the other provinces. Over the years, all school-aged First Nations children in this province were targeted for removal from their homes to these schools.

Children who went to residential school suffered a loss of culture, identity, language, family and more. Their only models on how to live, and have relationships, came in the form of institutional rules and school staff and clergy. In addition, the children were treated as second class citizens or worse and were taught to farm and sew, etc. and many did not even receive a basic education.

Clothing, food and living conditions were often sub-standard and screening of school staff was minimal, leaving the children vulnerable to many kinds of abuse and neglect. The impact of this mistreatment was a silencing of young and innocent voices. Now, finally, those voices are speaking out and telling their stories - they can, finally, release some of the pain and start the journey of healing.

RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS*
 
Place Name Dates Operated Organization
Alert Bay St. Michael's 1929-1975 A
Chemainus Kuper Island 1890-1975 R.C.
Cranbrook St. Eugene's 1898-1970 R.C.
Fraser Lake Lejac 1910-1976 R.C.
Kamloops Kamloops 1890-1978 R.C.
Lower Post Lower Post 1951-1975 R.C.
Lytton St. George's 1901-1979 A
Metlakatla Metlakatla 1873-1889 &

1889-1908

A/M (Weslayan Soc.)
Mission St. Mary's 1861-1984 R.C.
North Vancouver St. Francis/Squamish 1898-1959 R.C.
Port Alberni Alberni 1920-1973 U
Sardis Coqualeetza 1861-1866;

1866-1940

M (Weslayan Soc.)
Sechelt Sechelt 1912-1975 R.C.
Tofino Christie/Kakawis 1900-1983 R.C.
Williams Lake Cariboo/St. Josephs Mission 1890-1953; 

1953-1981

R.C.
Key:
A - Anglican
M - Methodist
R.C. - Roman Catholic
U - United Church

*This list is based on information from the Department of Indian Affairs and RCMP research. If you attended a school that is not on this list, please let us know.
BOARDING SCHOOLS**
 
Place Name Dates Operated Organization
Ahousaht Ahousaht 1903-1907 P
Alberni Alberni 1909-1920's P
Alert Bay Alert Bay (Girl's home) 1888-1905 A
Kitamaat Elizabeth Long Memorial 1922-19?? (closing date unknown) M
Port Simpson Girl's Home 1893-1920's M
Port Simpson Boy's home 1903-1920's M
Yale All Hallows 1889-1918 A
Key:
A - Anglican
M - Methodist
R.C. - Roman Catholic
P - Presbyterian

In 1923, the name of the schools changed from Boarding Schools to Industrial/Residential Schools. Again, our list may be incomplete.


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      More Information

What is the Society?  

BC Residential Schools

Common Thoughts

Making a Disclosure

If You Feel a Memory Coming

Criminal Prosecution Process

Role of the RCMP

Role of the Crown Counsel

Civil Process

Healing Principles