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Welcome and thanks for visiting Turtle Island Native Network Your best online source for Aboriginal news and information


Choose Life!
Suicide Prevention

Frequently Asked Questions

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Aboriginal Youth
The Healthy

Aboriginal Network
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"Individual and cultural continuity are strongly linked,
such that First Nations communities that succeed in taking steps
to preserve their heritage culture, and work to control their own destinies
are dramatically more successful in insulating their youth
against the risks of suicide."

Michael Chandler
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Honouring Life Network
Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention Resources

Suicide Prevention Lifeline
1-800-273-8255
U.S. and Canada

Native Youth Crisis Hotline
1-877-209-1266
U.S. and Canada

British Columbia
Aboriginal People Crisis Line at 1-800-588-8717;
and the Native Youth Crisis Hotline at 1-877-209-1266
Online help at youthspace.ca and youthinbc.com

Crisis Centres across Canada
24 Hour A Day Phone Numbers

Centre for Suicide Prevention
Information, Training, Research
Aboriginal Resources
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Kids Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868
CANADA
Aboriginal Youth Suicide Prevention
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Youth Walk
Click Here for More on the Annual  Nanaimo to Ottawa Youth Suicide Prevention walk
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Suicide Prevention Strategy
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FAST - First Nation Action & Support Team
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Youth Suicide Prevention
Online Resources and Information

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Use Firefox, Camino, Opera, Safari browsers

Spirituality and attempted suicide among American Indians (a .pdf file)

"Study suggests that American Indians with strong levels of cultural spiritual orientations have relatively lower rates of self-reported, attempted suicide. It also highlights the need to develop culturally relevant spirituality measures in American Indian populations that go beyond the indicators used for Judeo-Christian faiths. The Cultural Spiritual Orientations Scale represents a first step in that direction."

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Click Here for Details About Chee Chee - A Study of Aboriginal Suicide - Using his in-depth understanding of Native self-destructive behaviour and information from interviews with Chee Chee's mother, close friends, and fellow artists, Evans shows that understanding Benjamin's suicide requires moving beyond psychological analysis to include the damage that contact with White society has caused to Native culture, heritage, status, and meaning of life. Evans argues that White society needs to understand these dynamics to be involved in the healing process of Aboriginal peoples in Canada or to at least avoid hindering their recovery.
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RESEARCH

Chandler, M. J. & Lalonde, C. E. (in press).
Cultural continuity as a moderator of suicide risk among Canada's First Nations .pdf file
Kirmayer, L. & Valaskakis, G. (Eds.).
The Mental Health of Canadian Aboriginal Peoples:
Transformations, Identity, and Community. University of British Columbia Press.

Lalonde, C. E. (2006).
Identity Formation and Cultural Resilience in Aboriginal Communities. .pdf file
In Flynn, R.J., Dudding, P., & Barber, J. (Eds.),
Promoting Resilience in Child Welfare. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.

Lalonde, C.E. (2005).
Creating an Index of Healthy Aboriginal Communities.
Developing a Healthy Communities Index:
A collection of papers
.pdf file, (pp. 21-27).
Report prepared for the Canadian Population Health Initiative,
Canadian Institute for Health Information.

Lalonde, C.E., Kinew, K., & Yates, R. (2005).
Place & Health in First Nations Communities. In Kachimaa Mawiin Maybe for Sure:
Finding a Place for Place in Health Research and Policy.
.pdf file
Proceedings of Place and Health: Research to Policy Workshop. Canadian Population Health Initiative.

Lalonde, C. E., & Chandler, M. J., (2004).
Culture, Selves, and Time:
Theories of Personal Persistence in Native and non-Native Youth.
.pdf file
In C. Lightfoot, C. Lalonde and M. Chandler (Eds.). Changing Conceptions of Psychological Life (pp. 207-229). Mahwah, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum & Associates.

Chandler, M. J., & Lalonde, C. E. (2004).
Transferring Whose Knowledge? Exchanging Whose Best Practices?:
On Knowing About Indigenous Knowledge and Aboriginal Suicide.
.pdf file
To appear in D. Beavon and J. White (Eds.) Aboriginal Policy Research. London, ON: Althouse Press.

Chandler, M. J., Lalonde, C. E., & Teucher, U. (2004).
Culture, continuity, and the limits of narrativity:
A comparison of the self-narratives of Native and Non-Native youth.
.pdf file
In C. Daiute and C. Lightfoot (Eds.), Narrative Analysis: Studying the Development of Individuals in Society. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Chandler, M. J., Lalonde, C. E., Sokol, B., & Hallett, D. (2003).
Personal Persistence, Identity Development, and Suicide:
A Study of Native and Non-Native North American Adolescents.
.pdf file
Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development,
Vol. 68, No. 2,Serial No. 273.

Chandler, M.J. & Lalonde, C.E. (1998).
Cultural Continuity as a hedge against suicide in Canada's First Nations .pdf file
Transcultural Psychiatry, 35(2), 193-211.

Save Culture!
Click here for useful research
Save Lives!

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Preventing Youth Suicide
First Nation Communities
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SUICIDE AMONG ABORIGINAL PEOPLE:
ROYAL COMMISSION REPORT

1995
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Centre for Suicide Prevention

Suicide Prevention Resources

Girls and Boys Town Hotline at 1-800-448-3000

Kids Help Line in Canada at 1-800-668-6868

January 9, 2003 - Young Aboriginal men in Northern British Columbia are reported to be among the highest number of those who take their own lives, according to the province's northern region coroner. Dave Coverdale says more people kill themselves each year than die in car crashes and says that it's time for communities to take action. Hanging, poison, and guns are the most common ways of committing suicide. Approximately 80 per cent of all gun deaths are suicides. Most of the victims are men, and many of them are young aboriginal men from northern B.C. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people aged 15 - 24. Overall, Aboriginal suicide rates are typically higher than the rate for the general population.

Advisory Group
Aboriginal Suicide Prevention

The following text is from
Aboriginal Peoples and the Criminal Justice System
Part III: SOCIAL, ECONOMICAL AND POLITICAL FACTORS
Canadian Criminal Justice Association

Suicide is a significant concern in many Aboriginal communities, is two to three times more common among Aboriginal peoples and is also five to six times more prevalent among Aboriginal youth than non-Aboriginal youth.

According to Aboriginal tradition, suicide was rare in Pre-colonialism times because it was viewed as unacceptable. Those who did commit suicide were generally the sick or elderly who felt they could no longer contribute to their community and their deaths were perceived as acts of self-sacrifice. In First Nations communities today, suicide is more common among the young and usually results from feelings of hopelessness and despair.

The following factors are often linked to suicide:
continuous family disruptions and instability
family history of mental health problems
alcohol and/or drug abuse
physical and/or sexual abuse, and
extended periods of grief

Choosing Life: Special Report on Suicide Among Aboriginal People - - - Suicide rates, already five to six times higher among Aboriginal youth than their non-Aboriginal peers, could increase dramatically over the next 10 to 15 years if action isn't taken now. Changing demographics mean that the population bulge of children, now under 15 years of age, will soon pass through the vulnerable years of young adulthood. In this special report, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples calls for a 10-year Canada-wide campaign to reduce the prevalence of suicide and self-injury. The report states that communities hold the keys to change

Suicide Prevention
With One Voice A musical drama-suicide prevention/crisis intervention program for schools, families, communities & conventions dealing w/ child abuse, drug abuse, depression, eating disorders, rape and other related issues that sometimes leads an individual to the dangerous considerations of suicide.

Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program
Program for the prevention of teen suicide

Youth Suicide Prevention Program

dedicated to reducing youth suicide and suicidal behaviors in Washington State. Promotes youth voice, youth-generated media messages, peer advocacy. Provides resources for youth and those who work with youth 15-24 yrs of age.

Australia's National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy
Communications Project
A national government funded project to address the information and communication needs of those involved in youth suicide prevention.

Canadian Association For Suicide Prevention (CASP)
A Canadian nonprofit organization dedicated to the understanding and prevention of suicide.

LivingWorks Education
The mission of LivingWorks Education is to create learning experiences that help communities prevent suicide.

National Strategy for Suicide Prevention
The CMHS National Stategy for Suicide Prevention website provides information for mental health professionals, health care providers, community coalitions, policymakers, survivors, and advocates.

SA\VE - Suicide Awareness \ Voices of Education
The mission of SA\VE is to educate about suicide prevention and to speak for suicide survivors.

Suicide Information & Education Centre (SIEC)
A special library and resource centre providing information on suicide and suicidal behaviour.

Suicide Prevention Advocacy Network
Suicide Prevention Advocacy Network advocates a proven, effective suicide prevention program.

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention is dedicated to advancing our knowledge of suicide and our ability to prevent it.

American Association of Suicidology
A nonprofit organization dedicated to the understanding and prevention of suicide.

The NIMH Suicide Research Consortium
FAQ's, statistics, abstracts, and articles on suicide in the United States.

Risk factors for suicide:

Biopsychosocial risk factors:

- Mental disorders,
particularly mood disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and certain personality disorders

- Alcohol and other substance use disorders

- Hopelessness

- Impulsive and/or aggressive tendencies

- History of trauma or abuse

- Some major physical illnesses

- Previous suicide attempt

- Family history of suicide

Environmental risk factors:

- Job or financial loss

- Relationship or social loss

- Easy access to lethal means

- Local clusters of suicide that have a contagious influence

Sociocultural risk factors:

- Lack of social support and sense of isolation

- Stigma associated with help-seeking behavior

- Barriers to accessing health care, especially mental health and substance abuse treatment

- Certain cultural and religious beliefs (for instance, the belief that suicide is a noble resolution of a personal dilemma)

- Exposure to and influence of others who have died by suicide, including exposure through the media

Protective factors for suicide:

- Effective clinical care for mental, physical, and substance use disorders

- Easy access to a variety of clinical interventions and support for seeking help

- Restricted access to highly lethal means of suicide

- Strong connections to family and community support

- Support through ongoing medical and mental health care relationships

- Skills in problem solving, conflict resolution, and nonviolent handling of disputes

- Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide and support self-preservation

For more information or to seek help for yourself or a friend with suicidal tendencies
call 1-800-273-TALK, or go to Suicide Prevention Lifeline
South Dakota Department of Health

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Legal Notice . . . All contents are copyright 1998 - 2011 ... No material from this site may be reproduced, modified, republished, transmitted or distributed in any way without the owner's prior approval. All Rights Reserved by Tehaliwaskenhas Bob Kennedy . . . An Aboriginal Owned and Operated Web Site
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No material from this site may be reproduced, modified, republished,
transmitted or distributed in any way without the owner's prior approval.
All Rights Reserved by Tehaliwaskenhas Bob Kennedy
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